File Name: health and happiness robert d putnam .zip
- The social context of well-being
- The social context of well-being.
- The Science of Well-Being
- Bowling Alone Book Summary, by Robert D. Putnam
The social context of well-being
In Robert D. This link of body and psychology is explained in terms of social-capital, a term used to illustrate the extent to which a person is integrated into his society. Thus, people will low social-capital are at a higher predisposition to suffer various physical illnesses, and those who are more sociable and have more meaningful connections with others gain an assortment of health benefits.
One type of evidence that is prominent throughout the essay is that of academic studies. In just his second paragraph, Putnam draws evidence from dozens of studies from Alameda California to Tumstec Michigan to support his claim that social-capital is connected to our health. According to this evidence, social inclusion is linked very significantly to a decreased risk of health conditions such as strokes, colds, heart attacks, depression, cancer, and all sorts of other conditions.
Even affiliations such as going to church can be very significant contributors towards protecting from these conditions. He also references a dozen studies in the United States, Scandinavia, and Japan, that showed that people who are socially disconnected are between two and five times more likely to die from all causes, compared with matched individuals who have close ties with friends, family, and community.
Another important type of evidence Putnam uses in this essay is that of expert testimony. According to Martin Seligman, a highly influential figure in the field of positive psychology, more of us are feeling down because modern society encourages a belief in personal control in autonomy more than a commitment to duty and common enterprise.
All of this evidence mainly serves dispel skepticism about the relationship between social interaction and health, and to illustrate the extent to which these findings are considered to be true within the scientific community.
Two rhetorical devices that Putman uses to advance his argument are analogies and appeals to logic. Putnam uses various analogies throughout the text to make it easier for the reader to understand the significance of the findings in practical terms. Similarly, finishing a four-year college education is the equivalent of doubling your income.
By using these analogies, Putnam makes concepts that may be difficult for a general audience such as percentiles, correlation, etc. Appeals to logos abound in this essay. For example, to explain the extent to which social interaction can be as helpful to health as another major change such as quitting smoking, Putnam argues that when given a choice to either quit smoking or joining a group of people, statistically the outcome would be the same.
In making various logical appeals, Putnam remains consistent with the scientific tone of the essay, and makes his arguments seem stronger and more reliably based.
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The social context of well-being.
Large samples of data from the World Values Survey, the US Benchmark Survey and a comparable Canadian survey are used to estimate equations designed to explore the social context of subjective evaluations of well-being, of happiness, and of health. Social capital, as measured by the strength of family, neighbourhood, religious and community ties, is found to support both physical health and subjective well-being. Our new evidence confirms that social capital is strongly linked to subjective well-being through many independent channels and in several different forms. John F. Helliwell is Arthur J. Robert D. Find us on Facebook.
In Robert D. Putnam's essay Health and Happiness, he argues that there is an indisputable link between an individual's degree of social-connectedness and his.
The Science of Well-Being
The Collected Works of Ed Diener, in 3 volumes, present the major works of the leading research scientist studying happiness and well-being. He has studied hundreds of thousands of people in over nations of the world, and the Collected Works present the major findings from those studies. Diener has made many of the major discoveries about well-being, which are outlined in the chapters. The first volume presents the major theory and review papers of Ed Diener.
Keywords: Robert Putnam , Bowling Alone , civic engagement , social connectedness , sense of community , America , child welfare , labor market , democracy , social capital. Melissa J. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.
In Robert D.
Bowling Alone Book Summary, by Robert D. Putnam
Large samples of data from the World Values Survey, the US Benchmark Survey and a comparable Canadian survey are used to estimate equations designed to explore the social context of subjective evaluations of well-being, of happiness, and of health. Social capital, as measured by the strength of family, neighbourhood, religious and community ties, is found to support both physical health and subjective well-being. Our new evidence confirms that social capital is strongly linked to subjective well-being through many independent channels and in several different forms. Marriage and family, ties to friends and neighbours, workplace ties, civic engagement both individually and collectively , trustworthiness and trust: all appear independently and robustly related to happiness and life satisfaction, both directly and through their impact on health. These references are in PubMed.
Putnam" as PDF. Want to get the main points of Bowling Alone in 20 minutes or less? Putnam here. Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. Putnam explores the decline of social capital in America. Social capital is defined as connections among people and their ability to trust each other.
Generally speaking, self-ratings of 'happiness' turn out to reflect relatively short-term, Although not exploring directly the putative impact of health on subjective but a kind of tour d'horizon to highlight promising domains for future work.
Robert David Putnam [a] born is an American political scientist. Kennedy School of Government. Putnam developed the influential two-level game theory that assumes international agreements will only be successfully brokered if they also result in domestic benefits. His most famous and controversial work, Bowling Alone , argues that the United States has undergone an unprecedented collapse in civic, social, associational, and political life social capital since the s, with serious negative consequences. Robert David Putnam was born on January 9, , in Rochester , New York ,  and grew up in Port Clinton , Ohio ,  where he participated in a competitive bowling league as a teenager.
Perhaps the most important consequence of social capital is health and happiness. Studies on this topic can be traced back as far as Emile Durkheim's work on suicide. He found that suicide can be predicted by how integrated one is into society.