retrofitting office buildings to be green and energy efficient pdf

Retrofitting Office Buildings To Be Green And Energy Efficient Pdf

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An analysis of energy efficient retrofit strategies fo office buildings in China

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This paper aims to decompose the value effects of green retrofits on commercial real estate. The paper disentangles various sources of value capture mechanisms that can be attained through green retrofit actions and profiles the extent to which green retrofit solutions can be effectively capitalised using transaction evidence from the Munich housing market. The insights offered can help real estate owners and investors during their ex ante analysis of future energetic retrofit investments. The authors offer their reader both a conceptual framework and the results from an empirical analysis to identify the value effects of retrofits and the associating gains in energy efficiency. The conceptual framework theorises the different value components that a deep retrofit has to offer. The regression analysis includes a multivariate analysis of 8, dwellings in the Munich residential real estate market. The regression results indicate that the value gains because of energy efficiency improvements are in the range of 2.

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Retrofitting for Energy Efficiency in Commercial Office Buildings: in context of to achieve green building, for example the concept of energy efficiency (Putra.


An analysis of energy efficient retrofit strategies fo office buildings in China

Journal of Green Building 1 November ; 12 4 : 70— This article discusses energy-efficient retrofitting design strategies for commercial office buildings, and examines their effect on energy consumption. The objective of the research was to study how to integrate passive design strategies and energy-efficient building systems to improve building performance, and reduce the energy consumption of existing buildings in three different climate types cold, mixed and hot climates. First, properties of existing buildings were analyzed based on national CBECS database to determine typical characteristics of office buildings located in Chicago, Baltimore and Phoenix, including size, building envelope treatment and building systems.

According to the U. Energy Information Administration, office spaces generally use the most electricity for lighting, followed by cooling, then computers. This document will help you target energy use in these areas.

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Log In. Back to Symposium Overview. Download full paper using download links above or download slides. Rapid urbanization and economic growth in China over the past 20 years has resulted in an increased demand for energy use in buildings. Among 50 billion m2 of existing buildings only 0.

By Leanne Tobias. Why does sustainability matter? What is the connection among building energy usage, the introduction of sustainable technologies into the built environment, and climate change concerns? What do office building owners and tenants gain by incorporating energy efficiency and sustainable building practices into their operations? This chapter addresses these overarching issues and provides the practical rationale for pursuing the retrofitting of office space to be green. In the past decade, green building has gained significant global momentum.

Green building also known as green construction or sustainable building refers to both a structure and the application of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from planning to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEED is a set of rating systems for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings which was developed by the U. Green Building Council. Building information modelling BIM is a process involving the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of places. Building information models BIMs are files often but not always in proprietary formats and containing proprietary data which can be extracted, exchanged or networked to support decision-making regarding a building or other built asset. Current BIM software is used by individuals, businesses and government agencies who plan, design, construct, operate and maintain diverse physical infrastructures, such as water, refuse, electricity, gas, communication utilities, roads, railways, bridges, ports and tunnels. Although new technologies are constantly being developed to complement current practices in creating greener structures, the common objective of green buildings is to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by:.

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Росио задумалась. - Нет, больше. В этот момент кровать громко заскрипела: клиент Росио попытался переменить позу. Беккер повернулся к нему и заговорил на беглом немецком: - Noch etwas.

Он поднял вверх голову, надеясь увидеть Гиральду, но окружившие его со всех сторон стены были так высоки, что ему не удалось увидеть ничего, кроме тоненькой полоски начинающего светлеть неба. Беккер подумал, где может быть человек в очках в тонкой металлической оправе. Ясно, что тот не собирался сдаваться.

DEFINING AND DEVELOPING AN ENERGY RETROFITTING APPROACH

Ведь он был пацифистом и не стремился к разрушению. Он лишь хотел, чтобы восторжествовала правда. Это касалось ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Это касалось и права людей хранить личные секреты, а ведь АНБ следит за всеми и каждым.

В руке он сжимал ключ, взятый из лаборатории систем безопасности. Чатрукьян опустился на колени, вставил ключ в едва заметную скважину и повернул. Внизу что-то щелкнуло.

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Чего желаете.

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